What is artificial intelligence or AI?
Artificial intelligence raises both philosophical and computer questions
Everyone has a little idea about AI.
But what do we really know?
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Artificial intelligence is a set of algorithms used to simulate human intelligence at different scales.
AI is made up of a large number of different technologies, which will allow machines to learn and act like a human would. This process is broken down into three phases:
– Acquisition, information and rules of use
– Processing, and applying rules to achieve a result
– Self-correction, and assessment of relevance of outcome
AI can be classified as strong or weak. Weak artificial intelligence (or narrow AI) aims to achieve a single task or several closely related tasks to perfection. These AIs are well mastered and are very powerful, however their scope of action is limited. We regularly find them in our daily lives as virtual personal assistants such as Apple Siri.
Between use and fiction
Strong artificial intelligence (or general) remains today a utopian conception. Able to solve all types of problems, to respond to all abilities related to that of the human. The current technique does not create a technology capable of substituting human emotions. The subtleties of our interactions remain complicated to grasp.
Today, strong AI is a design ideal in Data Scientists. Indeed, it is very complicated to pass the Turing test. The latter asks an AI to hold a conversation with a human without the latter realizing it.
In what field is artificial intelligence used?
Today we use these mechanisms daily, from ChatBot, to voice assistants through the economy, public transport and of course… health! Artificial intelligence (AI) is the ideal assistant, especially in the context of weak AI, they are indeed the ideal collaborator in the information society.
What are the social challenges of artificial intelligence?
Today we live in a completely new context, indeed, for nearly a century, all the greatest mathematicians have applied themselves to accompany us in this change. In the 1950s Alan Turing used the term artificial intelligence for the first time, AI is now indispensable. In the historical contexts that followed, the idea of assistance that could automate, save time is an ideal that was profiled and then realized.
Thus, to speak of artificial intelligence is to integrate the notion of progress, it is a necessary evolution in our society.